Many men ask, do women have prostatitis or prostate cancer? The answer depends on the level of inflammation and blockage of the prostate. Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate; it can also be referred to as pyelonephritis. Prostate cancer is a condition in which cancer cells form in the prostate; these cells are called prostate malignancies. Both conditions cause pain in the lower back, pelvis, and possibly the legs.
A condition more commonly known as a prostate infection is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria, particularly one called urethritis. An overgrowth of certain species of bacteria can lead to urinary tract infections, such as catheter infections and prostate crabs. A prostate crab, also known as a prostatic hyperplasia, is an abnormal growth of tissue in the prostate. It can grow up to two inches in length and develop either a cyst-like structure or a pouch that will not easily empty upon urinating. A prostatitis diagnosis involves a physical examination as well as blood tests.
The most common cause of chronic prostatitis is an infection caused by bacteria called prostates. This refers to substances that the body releases to combat foreign organisms. A natural treatment for chronic prostatitis includes increasing the levels of good bacteria in the body and avoiding products that might trigger a buildup of bacteria.
Certain activities may increase the risk of prostate cancer, including smoking, being a man with a family history of prostate cancer, having male sex organs and using steroids. In addition, sexual intercourse with an infected partner increases the risk of getting a urinary tract infection. Having a benign prostate tumor can sometimes be a cause of prostatitis. A prostate tumor is an abnormal growth of prostate tissue. Some prostate malignant neoplastic diseases are hereditary and have no known cause; these include urethral plugs and cryptorchidism, which are a rare condition that causes a deformation of the urethra.
The symptoms of prostatitis often occur after years of regular sexually active activity. An enlarged prostate gland, frequent urination, vaginal irritation and discharge and lower urinary tract infections are common among sufferers. PSA testing is usually performed on a yearly basis to determine the potential risk of prostate cancer. Because high levels of prostate malignant neoplastic disease are associated with increased risk of urinary tract infections and increased risk of bladder cancer, men who have had prostate cancer in their past are at increased risk of acquiring prostatitis. Men with a family history of prostate cancer also have increased risk.
Treatments for prostatitis vary, depending on its cause. Treatment for bacterial prostatitis usually requires a combination of antibiotics, such as erythromycin, or azithromycin. This will help relieve the pain and prevent recurrence of the infection. Traction, or surgery, may be used if the cause of prostatitis is a benign prostate cancer. Other prostate problems, including urethral plugs, are treated with interstitial mesothelioma, or vesiculitis, or with palliative therapy, which is focused on relieving symptoms and treating the underlying cause of the disease.